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REFERENCES TO WAYANG FIGURES IN VAN DER TUUK’S DICTIONARY

ASU GAPLONG (RMV 2601-18)
Personal name of a hound of hell. He plays a role in Bimaswarga wayang performances.

BIMA
His eyes are called “mata tuhu-tuhu” in the wayang, this means with the contours are red. He is called “panenggek” in the wayang, which is Javanese. This is because “pamadé” (Madé) is already used for Arjuna. The hairdress of Bima is called “glung buwana lukar”. The long nail of his right hand is called “pancanaka”, the left one “kuku bayu”.
He is also called “buntut” in the wayang, when he offered himself as food to the demon Baka.

BUNGUT SUAH
Bungut Suwah, or Bungut Suwab and Bungut Kikian, name of a comical figure with many teeth represented like a comb. He is also called Pengakan wayah and I Undur-Unduran, the latter because he pronounces a “surang” after every word. For example “ulijar” in stead of “ulija”, and “cakpyah”.

BUTA SALIWAH
Represented in the wayang as half-red half-black. He is carrying a human head. This is the female servant of Durga, living at cremation places.

CENIKIH, KAKI/TUWAN CENIKIH
Comical figure in wayang, playing the same role as Sangut. According to some he is a Selam Sasak, but others say that he is the same as Maman Gatepan who is a balian.

DĖLEM/DILEM
Personal name of a servant of Rawana, Yama, together with I Sangut. Characteristic of the wayang figure is the “tampyang” or “dalem”. His voice is called “gaak-gaak”, meaning he has a very loud voice: “gedé pesak munyinné”.

DRONA
Name of the teacher of the Pandawa and Korawa. He is represented in the wayang as a false person and a traitor. He wears a golden necklace. His residence is named Soka Kapanca.

GATOTKACA
Son of Bima and the female demon Hidimbi.

GEDÉ BAAG
Name of a kind of clown playing in the wayang. Baag means hot iron.

GEDÉ BARAGAN
He is a kind of clown “banyol” in the wayang. His head resembles a horse. His nickname is “Baong bèbèk”, throat of a duck, because it resembles that of a duck.

INDRAJIT
Indrajit or Méganada. His skin is greyish blue in the wayang, because it is thought that he originated from a cloud, “méga”.
“awanan madan I Méganada, kadadèn gulem makrana biru, marupa gulem”.

KRESNA
Name of an incarnation of Wisnu. The wayang figure representing him has, like Rama, a green skin.
“Mawayang gadang”, a blabad, the meaning of it is “tresna”, as the figure of Kresna is green.

MĖN KOPOK-KOPOKAN
It is a name given by Twalèn to a servant figure, condong. The puppet has a fat belly and a protruding forehead “jangak”. She has usually two cigarettes behind her ear or in her hair-knot. She is the wife of Mredah. Originally she plays a role in the gambuh theatre.

MĖN TEMBOLO/TEMELOLO
She is a comical figure in the wayang, Her voice is like a goat. She is the wife of Twalèn.

MREDAH
Mredah, Wredah, Ordah, name of the servant of Laksmana and the Pandawa. He has green skin and wears a kind of turban, “tengkuluk”. He is called Turas in the wayang gambuh.

PANASAR
From dasar, meaning basic colour. Figures in the wayang, like Tolé, Turas and others, speak Balinese. They translate the texts spoken by their boss in (Old) Javanese.

SALYA
Name of a hero playing a role in the Bharatayuddha. He is the brother of Pandu’s second wife. In the wayang he wears a headdress, “udeng” protruding at the back of his head, therefore this type is called “sesalyan”.

SANGUT
He is a servant of the Korawa party, but after the victory of the Pandawa party, he joins them. His colour is green in the wayang, and he has a “kuncir” , a pigtail, on top of his head. He and Dèlem usually are the servants of the opponents of the Pandawa party. In the Bimaswarga they are the servants of the god Yama.

SEMAR
Name of a witty servant of the members of the Pandawa party, and later also of Panji. He has black skin, many of his teeth are lacking. He loves food, hence his nickname, therefore, is Bhojagati, or Bujagati.

TOLÉ
Name of a comical figure in the wayang. His is sqeaky, “ngengkik”. He is the son of Twalèn and the servant of Abimanyu.

TWALĖN
Name of the servant of the members of the Pandawa party in the wayang. He has black skin, is cross-eyed, and his weapon is a penis. It is called “sliksik”, cannon ball, because it is so powerful. The “sliksik” is the name of the miracle cannon ball owned by the Déwa Agung of Klungkung. His role in the wayang parwa is similar as Semar in the gambuh theatre or in kidung literature.

WANA
Other name of Mredah, the second servant of the members of the Pandawa party. His wife is Klentèng Sari. He has green skin in North Bali.

YUDISTIRA
Name of the oldest of the Pandawa brothers. His hairdress is called “kekelingan”.

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